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H YDROMETEOROLOGICAL SERVICE OF MONTENEGRO (HMZCG)


HMZCG / www.meteo.co.me

The Hydrometeorological Service of Montenegro was established in 1947 as a public institution. In that period, there were approximately 34 weather stations in the country and the fi rst systematic measurement and monitoring started. In 1949 began the storing of recorded data into HMZ archives.

Today there are numerous weather, hydrology, and agrometeorology stations, as well as stations for surface water, ground water, lake and sea water quality control on the Montenegrin territory, all part of the HMZ. The Hydrometeorological Service is a public institution, in charge of monitoring atmospheric and hydrospheric conditions on scientifi c methods and standards of the World Meteorological Organisation. Being a public institution, HMZ is fi nanced from the state budget.

HMZ assignments include:

- Monitoring and measurement of meteorological, hydrological, ecological, and agrometeorological parameters; analysis, processing, and archiving measured and monitored parameters
- Processing of climate, soil, air, surface and ground water, and coastal see-related studies, analyses, and information
- Surface and ground water, air, and precipitation control and quality evaluation based on physical, chemical, biochemical, and microbiological parameters
- Issuance of data, information, and studies requested by various sectors: water, air, and road traffi c, energy production, water management, civil engineering, tourism, protection of goods and human lives
- Meeting international obligations regarding meteorology, hydrology, hydrography, ecology, and other relevant assignments The operation of the Service is organised in four Sectors

Meteorology:

The basic task of the Montenegro Hydrometeorological Service Meteorology Sector, as a reference institution, is meteorological measuring and monitoring, data transfer, and further data processing. Measuring and monitoring are performed in eight main stations, 20 climatological stations, and more than 50 precipitation stations, in accordance with criteria set by the World Meteorological Organisation.

Hydrology:

With runoff averaging at 40 litres/s/km2, or approximately 19.5 km3/year, Montenegro is among the 4% of the largest average runoff territory in the world. Hydrological station network includes stations in the Black Sea and Adriatic basins, some of which are automatic stations with on-line data on the HMZ web page.

Hydrography and oceanography:

The aim of hydrographic activities is ensuring safe navigation at sea and in internal navigation routes, in order to protect human lives and goods, as well as conducting research with the goal to manage sea resources and protect the living environment. Hydrographic activities include the following: hydrographic and topographic survey of the sea and internal navigation routes, gathering data from the area of hydrography, navigation, geology, and geophysics (changes in sea level, waves, sea currents, thermohaline, hydroacoustics, optical characteristics of the sea, etc.), processing, issuing and maintaining navigational charts and publications in accordance with the recommendations of the International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO) and the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). The Hydrography and Oceanography Sector works with professional equipment and bathymetry measurement software, with two permanent mareography stations (Bar and Kotor) and three hydrographic survey vessels.

Ecology:

RHMZ Living Environment Sector includes two organisational and programming units: Chemistry Centre and Biology Division, covering the air, water, and ground areas of expertise/thematic areas. In accordance with legal provisions, this service performs an annual permanent control of surface and ground water and air quality in the Montenegrin territory.



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This project was funded by European Union